Time to collect and store water for future use is now

The long awaited rains have finally come and farmers who were eagerly waiting for it are now very busy in their farms. Nothing seems to be deterring them from doing what they do best, despite the fact that the weather man recently expressed fears that the expected rains will be short lived.

This just tells you how hardworking Kenyans are but also shows how desperate they were waiting for the rains. It has been more than 8 months of severe drought that has negatively impacted on every living thing.

The drought has seen us lose a number of people to hunger as thousands of animals succumb to hunger and starvation. It has indeed been a condition whose effects have been felt by Kenyans, irrespective of their areas of residence.

In December last year, Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company (NCWS) announced a four month water supply rationing in Nairobi. This followed a decrease of water level in Ndakaini dam to around 40% capacity. The dam is the main source of water for Nairobi residents, supplying over 84% of the total water used by over 6 million people living in the city. The rationing initially reduced water supply in the city by 13%.

The rationing affected and is still affecting the city residents, who have now been left at the mercy of water vendors who are selling this vital commodity at an exaggerated price. The price of a 20 liter jerrycan is now going for between 30-80 shillings depending on the estate. This is indeed very costly especially for families requiring a lot of water in a single day.

In early March, the NCWS managing director Philip Gichuki made an announcement that sent cold shivers down the spines of Nairobi residents, thrashing their hopes of receiving normal water supply from WCWS. Gichuki announced that the rationing that was initially supposed to run until April could now be extended to September, due to the continued decrease of water level in Ndakaini dam. It is alleged that the water level at the dam now stands at 30%. This has now led to a farther decrease in the supply of water in city to 20%.

Barely a week since the rain started, it has already caused havoc in some parts of the country. The usual run offs are now back and might get worse with time. We need to take the advantage and collect the run off for future use.

It will be very shameful for us to cry that we do not have water either to water our animals or irrigate our crops later in the year when run offs dwindle. If this water is tapped and stored in high capacity dams, the issue of water shortage in the country could be a thing of the past.

In 2015, almost every part of the country experienced massive run off. We watched as the water swept across the major towns like Narok and Nairobi, vandalizing properties worth billions of shillings. The idea of tapping the run off did not hit us. What followed is severe drought that affected almost every part of the country.

My hope is that we have learnt from our previous mistakes. Central government, county governments and private sectors should now come together and have a serious discussion on how the run off could be tapped and stored for the future.

David Mwaura, Communication Officer

Treatment, storage crucial factors

By Millicent Mwololo

Kenyans had little to celebrate even as the  World Water Day was marked  two weeks ago,  given that drought has been ravaging many parts of the country, which  relies heavily on rain-fed agriculture.

“This is probably where we have gone wrong. A country that has been independent for more than 50 years should be having alternatives when it comes to drought mitigation,” says Mr David Mwaura, the communications officer at Africaqua Ltd, which runs a water project in Loitokitok in Kajiado County. “Resources should be pumped into sinking boreholes and irrigation schemes in different parts of the country.” says Mr Mwaura.

The theme for this year’s World Water Day is “Wastewater” and focuses on ways of reducing and reusing wastewater since more than 80 per cent of all the wastewater from homes, cities, industry and agriculture flows back to nature, polluting the environment and losing valuable nutrients and other recoverable materials.

“This calls for innovation in water treatment and storage techniques,” says Mr Paul Owino, a water researcher and the operations director at His Healing Hand Africa, an organisation that advocates for the sustainability of safe water, latrine use, and handwashing in communities.

Sustainable Development Goal 6, Ensuring the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030, includes a target of halving the volume of untreated wastewater and increasing water recycling and safe use. Initiatives like building dams and water pans for harvesting rain water will go a long way in cutting down wastage.

“But it is necessary to do our homework before setting up the schemes to avoid allocating  funds to worthless projects,” argues Mr Mwaura. Mr Owino agrees, saying that the sustainability of boreholes and other water infrastructure should be addressed before the government sinks more resources into water projects: “Water projects consist of soft and hardware aspects, but in most cases the government and private organisations place emphasis on the hardware. They tend overlook the fact that the soft aspect (training, education, monitoring and evaluation) is equally important to achieve sustainability,” he says. “We cannot afford to keep appealing to the international community for relief food. It is something that no one with a sound mind can justify. It is a big shame.”


In Oloitoktok, for instance, the community has been using water from trenches, which they share with wild animals, says Mr Owino, whose organisation runs a project in the area. This exposes the community to water-borne diseases. Kajiado County is about 30 kilometres from Mt Kilimanjaro, Africa’s tallest mountain, which makes the water gradient very steep. That means that sinking boreholes in the area is very expensive. Its proximity to the mountain also ensure that it receives good rainfall which, ironically, causes flooding.

It is, therefore, important that the government invest in alternative water sources, says Mr Owino, who he is running a water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH) project. Before embarking on the Oloitoktok project in January, 2016, Mr Owino conducted a needs assessment in the community.

“I engaged the local community, local health centres, and teachers. That is when I discovered that the water used in homes was drawn mainly from trenches, which were shared with wild animals,” he says. With the failed rains, these trenches dried up months ago, as did seasonal rivers.

“This means that the residents cannot achieve basic hygiene and sanitation levels,” he notes. That is why he located the WASH project in  at Namelok ABC Primary and Secondary School in Namelok Village.

“Handwashing with water and soap can help reduce the chances of contracting preventable diseases by 50 per cent,” he says.

In 2015, Mr Owino conducted a research on the state of water, sanitation and hygiene as a component of free primary education (FPE) in Maseno Division,  Kisumu County. He found that there were inadequate WASH facilities to support the programme. Many of the teachers interviewed felt the government did not give priority to WASH in schools, and most teachers and school administrators had inadequate knowledge of WASH.

Consequently,  the study recommended that the Ministry of Education and other relevant ministries work together to increase WASH awareness and sensitisation through workshops and seminars for teachers, and to adequately train school administrators and teachers on the subject.

It also recommended that the government increase the budgetary allocation for FPE to cater for WASH and develop effective monitoring tools on how funds are used.

“The government should ensure that all schools have a functional WASH policy document and monitor the implementation at the grassroots level,” Mr Owino  says.At Namelok Primary School, Mr Owino and his colleagues educate the pupils on why they need to wash hands, how to do it and why they should drink clean water.

They then sank and rehabilitated a 75-ft borehole, installed 25,000-litres storage tanks, dug gutters, installed a solar pump and safe water treatment and hand washing stations with soap.They also introduced a WASH club where learners share their experiences and why hygiene and sanitation are important. “The project is  integrated and  includes a permanent water source that is  shared by the two schools in order to promote health and hygiene effectively,” he says.

The only challenge is that the project did not receive 100 per cent support at home.


“Even though we have trained and sensitised the community, without sufficient water supply, it is difficult to maintain quality hygiene and sanitation at home,” Mr Owino adds.Still, the project has realised some results.

“There has been improved health among the students, with teachers having noted an increase in class attendance, increased concentration in class and improved academic performance among pupils,” he says.Mr Daniel Saning’o, the headteacher of Namelok Primary School, says that since the installation of the storage tanks, safe water and sanitation facilities, the school environment has become more conducive to learning.

In August 2016, the government launched a Sh50 billion project to ensure that  all schools in the country have safe water. The pilot projects of this ambitious undertaking have been launched in Mandera, Wajir and Garissa counties, where 50 schools are targeted.

“This will reduce water-borne diseases among school children. We have to partner with innovative safe water solutions to save lives,” said Water and Irrigation CS Eugene Wamalwa. According to Unicef  about 1 million children under five might die this year from preventable water-borne diseases.

“Most of these could be saved through grassroots water hygiene training, which is why the government and the private sector have to partner to make water easily accessible,” says Mr Owino.

The water shortage in Oloitoktok can also be attributed to the high population growth; with the county bordering Nairobi, there is an influx of immigrants from the city, which has overstretched the few water resources.

Last year, Africaqua piloted its first water in Africa in Oloitoktok. Mr David Kuria, the company’s CEO, said the One Safe Drop Initiative in Oloitoktok could deliver 20,000 litres of clean drinking water per day to the residents of Kimana.

However, the residents are concerned about the pricing. A 25-litre jerrican goes for Sh50 at the Africaqua water shop, which the local pastoralists say is prohibitive.



More than 80 per cent of the wastewater generated by society flows back into the ecosystem without being treated or reused. (Sato et al, 2013).

Sustainable Development Goal 6 – Ensuring the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030 – includes a target to halve the proportion of untreated wastewater and increase water recycling and safe use.


The amount in cubic metres of annual renewable freshwater supply per capita in the country today


The amount in cubic metres of annual renewable freshwater supply expected in 2025


Access to improved safe water supply in the country


Access to improved sanitation




Per capita supply forecast to decline

KENYA IS CLASSIFIED AS a water-scarce country because it has an annual renewable freshwater supply rate of 647 cubic metres per capita, which is way below the global standard of 1,000 cubic metres.According to the WHO/Unicef Joint Monitoring Programme 2014 report, access to safe water supply throughout Kenya stands at 59 per cent, and access to improved sanitation at 32 per cent.

This means there is still an unmet need for both water and sanitation.Water resources in Kenya are simultaneously scarce by natural endowment and underdeveloped in the current water supply systems. The country faces challenges in water provision, with erratic weather patterns in the past few years causing drought and water shortages.

In addition, the population growth has meant that water  continues to be scarce. It is estimated that by 2025, the country’s per capita water availability will be 235 cubic metres per year, compared with the current 647 cubic metres.

Urban migration is a major contributor to challenges in sanitation, as people crowd into cities, whose growth is unregulated. For instance, in big urban centres like Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu and Eldoret, residents experience regular water shortages due to inadequate supply.

Due to lack of access to water and sanitation, especially in the country’s arid and semi-arid areas, diarrhoea is the second killer — after pneumonia —nof children under the age of five (excluding neo-natal mortalities). Water-, sanitation- and hygiene-related illnesses and conditions are the number one cause of hospitalisation in children below the age of five.

Meanwhile, access to clean water and sanitation contribute to time savings for women, more hours in school for girls, and fewer health costs.

Initiatives like His Healing Hand Africa and AfricAqua aim to bridge the last mile by connecting low- income communities to basic water services. This will, hopefully, improve the economic livelihoods of the communities and at the same time ensure quality, affordable and sustainable water supply.


The article appeared on Pg 30 of Daily Nation (DN2) April 3 2017 .


Kenyans celebrate World Water Day as millions still lack access to safe water

Kenyans will in the next few hours join the whole world in marking the World Water Day, 2017 fete. This is an event that is marked on March 22 every year. The first event was marked on March 22, 1993 following recommendation by the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) and approval by The United Nations General Assembly.

Since then, several steps have been made in the water sector in order to deal with the global water problem. Different themes have been used in different years with the celebrations generally focusing on the importance of fresh water and also advocating for the sustainable management of fresh water resources.

Despite the fact that some measures have been put to liberate people from the jaws of drought and starvation due to lack of clean water, there is still a lot of work that needs to be done globally to fix this menace. For example, according to UNESCO annual report 2013, over 760 million people globally have no access to clean water.

In Kenya for instance, over 17 million people have no access to safe water. They rely on unsafe water for survival and this exposes them to serious health issues. This has led to several deaths especially in children, with an estimated 3, 100 children succumbing to water related infections every year.

This year’s celebrations come at a time when over 3 million Kenyans are facing starvation and imminent death due to the prolonged dry season. It also comes at a time when hundreds of thousands of livestock and wild animals have lost the battle to starvation.

Access to water has been a nightmare especially in the Northern and North Eastern Kenya, with residents being forced to cope with the painful reality of severe effects of starvation. It is meanwhile shocking that this happens when a lot of water get wasted every day in factories, farms and households in other parts of the country.

This is water that could be treated and supplied to people for domestic and farm use. If this happens, the number of people of people without access to water will now be able to get access to this vital commodity.

The “water and wastewater” theme has therefore come at the right time although some people might argue that it took it too long to do so. Wastewater is untapped resource that could save a lot of people from the jaws of drought and starvation.

Factories especially the processing ones use a lot of water in their daily operations where much of the water go into waste after normal operations. The water joins sewage channels and some of it percolates into the ground.

If properly tapped, this water could be treated and be made useful either in the same factories or elsewhere. This means that factories need to have a water treatment systems to remove waste and harmful materials from the discharge water.

Meanwhile, even as we focus on how to make use of wastewater, we have to think on methods of minimizing waste of water. This vital commodity should be used sparingly to ensure that the available amount is enough for everyone.

This is a culture that should also be observed at home by ensuring that there is no water that goes into waste. Grey water from kitchen sinks, tabs, washing machines and other kitchen appliances should be conserved for use in the farms.

This will help us a lot and there will probably be enough water for everyone in this country where according to JMP report of 2015, available per capita water is estimated to be about 650 cubic meter per year.

This year’s celebrations in Kenya will be held in Mecheo Secondary School in Nyamira County. The event will bring together stakeholders in the water sector, both in national and county governments as well as from the private sectors.

We need to think beyond rainfall in the fight against drought

It is more than 7 months since the onset of the drought in different parts of the country, with perennial drought hit appearing in the news for the same old reason; starvation and death.

Images of animals and human beings stricken by starvation have been showing on our screens and printed on the first page of national newspapers almost daily. This has been very frustrating especially viewing images of emaciated children and women, facing imminent death.

More shocking details and images from North Horr have shown how serious the situation is getting. Camels, known for staying between 5 to 6 months without water have now been unable to withstand the conditions. The scorching sun has dried up the last drop of water in their bodies, leading to death of over 300 camels in the region.

With the seriousness of the situation, it is difficult to comprehend how human beings who can only stay for between 3 to 5 days without water are coping with the conditions. To make the matter worse, the Kenya Meteorology Department (KMD) recently warned that the situation might get even worse, as there will be very little rainfall in the rainy season that is usually between the months of March and May.

Meanwhile, even as we shift focus to the perennial drought hit areas, we should not forget that the situation is almost similar in other parts of the country. People are struggling to get food and water.

The weekend scuffle in Ndeiya Kiambu County where residents scrambled for relief food is an indication that the situation has gotten worse. Various groups had organized and delivered relief food to the residents but its distribution did not go as planned.

Residents hijacked the distribution process, grabbing what they could afford, just to boost their hope of seeing another day. When the conditions got uglier, the organizers had no option other than allowing residents to have their way. This is the situation in other parts of the country.

By declaring the countrywide drought a national disaster, President Kenyatta on behalf of the nation indicated that the situation is now out of control. If the international communities do not intervene, we should expect more heart wrenching images from different parts of the country.

The menace we are in today is as a result of the prolonged absence of rainfall. We are a country that fully depends on rainfall for livestock and crop farming. This is probably where we have gone wrong. A country with over 50 years of independence should be having alternatives when it comes to drought mitigation.

We have rivers and lakes that usually flood during heavy rainfall. We watch as the floods sweep across our major towns and later start complaining about drought and hunger. We seriously need sustainable agricultural development for food security in our country to avoid scenarios like the ones we are currently witnessing.

Resources should be pumped into irrigation schemes in different parts of the country. But it is necessary for us to do our homework well before setting up the schemes to avoid allocation of funds to worthless schemes.

With legitimate irrigation schemes and alternative water sources, we will be sure of beating drought and starvation hands down. Irrigation is and will be the only way to deliver us from the jaws of starvation.

We cannot afford to be crying out to international communities for relief food. It is an act that no one with sound mind can stand to justify. It is a big shame.

David Mwaura, Communications Officer-Africaqua Limited

Kenya expects poor rainfall in March-May season

Kenya is expected to receive poor rainfall in the main March to May rainy season, the meteorological office said, a situation which could exacerbate an already acute drought.

Weather forecasts in Kenya, which largely depends on rain-fed agriculture, are key in gauging inflation trends.

The Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD) said in its long rains (March-May) outlook that food growing areas of Western and Nyanza would have near-normal rain.

“The expected poor temporal distribution of the seasonal rainfall is, however, likely to negatively impact most agricultural areas,” KMD said in a statement.

The weather office said that agricultural areas in the southeast of the country were expected to receive poor rains during the period, as were parts of eastern and northern Kenya.

“Food security is expected to deteriorate over most parts of the country and more so the northern areas of Kenya,” KMD said.

“The poor rainfall performance expected over the Arid and Semi-arid Lands (ASALs) will continue to impact negatively on the livestock sector.

” Kenya’s inflation rate rose to 6.99 percent year-on-year in January, up from 6.35 percent in December, partly due to drought and a rise in the cost of electricity.

Last week, the government declared a national disaster and appealed for aid to counter a drought that is posing a risk to people, livestock and wildlife.

The Kenya Red Cross has estimated about 2.7 million people need food aid after low rainfall in October and November. Kenya is the world’s leading exporter of black tea, making it a major foreign exchange earner.

KMD also said that poor rains in the October to December season had led to crop failure in most agricultural areas, lack of pasture and reduction of water levels in Seven-Forks and Turkwell hydroelectric dams.


Africaqua among the GSBI Program Accelerator finalists, 2017

Africaqua CEO David Kuria will be attending the Global Social Benefit Institute (GSBI) In-Residence Accelerator program at Santa Clara University in California from August 9 to 18, 2017.

Kuria will join representatives from 15 other social enterprises across the world for the 10 days activity meant to strengthen the operations of social enterprises to enhance goal achievement and impact creation.

Africaqua is a social enterprise based on a safe water value chain model involving watershops, green distribution mechanisms and Micro-Distribution Centers (MDCs). The company is targeting to establish a chain of MDCs both in rural and urban areas in order to curb the ever rising water shortage nightmare in Kenya.

The program will enable Africaqua through the CEO to network in order to help in fulfilling the dream of providing rural and urban poor with access to safe drinking water at an affordable price.

Africaqua was listed among the 16 finalists of this year’s program that had attracted over 275 applicants.



The ugly side of a drought hit nation

Every day, we wake up to traumatizing news of the high number of people facing starvation in Kenya. The news in form of heart wrenching images filling our TV screens and doing rounds on different social media platforms.

These are images that no one can afford to view twice. They are images of emaciated children, women, men and even animals. The drought has not spared anyone; with animal carcasses being seen everywhere. Our country is slowly turning into a nation of abnormal creatures; leading abnormal lives.

People experiencing the real wrath of drought are the pastoral communities, with their efforts being divided between finding pasture for their livestock and food for themselves. They are watching helplessly as the cruel hand of death continue turning their once healthy livestock into carcasses.

From Turkana to Tana River, Baringo to Baragoi, Laikipia to Lodwar, Marsabit to Mandera, Ijara to Isiolo, effects of drought and starvation are real. People and animals are losing battle to starvation every other day. Those lucky to see sun rise are not sure about watching as the sun sets; they are staring at the ugly face of death.

With people spending days and even months without something to drink or eat, this reduces their hope of seeing another day. Some of them people especially those in Turkana and Samburu are now depending on some wild fruits for food.

The fruits are poisonous and hence cannot be cooked the same way we cook food at home. They require a lot of water to neutralize the poison. With the water scarcity nightmare they are experiencing, women are forced to trek miles and miles away in the search of water points.

They camp at there, light fire and begin the process of preparing “meals” for their families. They spend days at here and return home only after having prepared “enough food” to take their families for days.

Men and boys also move out to look for water and pasture for their livestock. People are spending months without interacting with each other. Drought has interfered with their social lives.

A government agency recently announced that the number of Kenyans facing starvation has increased rapidly due to the prolonged drought being experienced in different parts of the country. The National Drought Management Authority (NDMA) said that the number has now risen from 1.3 million last year to 2.7 million this year.

These figures are worrying, bearing in mind that the situation is expected to get worse as time goes. Meteorologists have already warned that rainy season will delay; news that has now sent cold shivers down the spines of Kenyans.

Some of the counties where people are facing starvation are known to be perennial drought hit areas. Every year, residents have to wait for relief food from the government and well-wishers. Sometimes, delivery of relief food delays, arriving only after residents have starved to death and their livestock unable to withstand the severe conditions of starvation.

Kenya is a country full of resources and with their proper utilization, we can manage to counter the drought before its conditions extend to adverse stages. We have both underground and surface resources enough to deal with the situation.

In 2013, government through Cabinet Secretary for Environment and Regional Development Authorities Prof. Judy Wakhungu announced that hydrologists had found large aquifers of water in Turkana and Lotikipi basins. The two aquifers were estimated to contain 250 billion cubic meters of safe water. The water could serve the whole country for over 70 years, basing it on the fact that Kenyans consume around 3 billion cubic meters of water yearly.

Although several tests have been conducted since then, not much has been done initiate abstraction and treatment of the water estimated to be lying at about 300 meters from the surface. This is definitely sad news for the Turkana residents and Kenyans at large who celebrated the discovery of the aquifers.

With the increasing demand for water in Kenya including in major cities like Nairobi, it would be necessary for government, Non-Government Organizations and other stakeholders in the water sector to pool together resources and initiate this project that could see Kenyans having more than enough water for themselves and their livestock.

Late last year, Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company announced plans to ration water supply to residents. The directive is still in force and is expected to extend up to April this year. The company cited low water level in the main dams supplying the thirst quenching commodity to Nairobi residents.

If we can utilize all the water resources available, we will start having a sustainable food supply for every Kenyans, for a whole year. Rationing of water especially in towns will be a thing of the past, with communities living in arid and semi-arid areas being able to engage in agriculture to produce enough food for themselves and their livestock.

Efforts by companies like Africaqua coming up with safe water models and initiatives aimed at dealing with water shortage nightmare might not be enough to quench the thirst of ever increasing number of deserving Kenyans. More entities should come on board and support such initiatives in order to help in dealing with the monster-drought.

With this, we will then be able to stand high and claim to have defeated drought and starvation. It is time to stand together, mobilize resources and invest in water projects or we sit, relax and continue watching heart wrenching images of fellow Kenyans and their livestock being mauled by merciless jaws of drought.


David Mwaura,

Communications Officer, Africaqua Limited


Dry Hope

Occupying an area of 17, 921.20 square kilometers in rift valley region, Narok County with an estimated population of 850, 920 (2009 census) is one of the perennial drought hit counties in Kenya.

The county has over 76 percent of her residents living in rural areas, most of whom are pastoralists and farmers. With majority of the residents being pastoralists from the Maasai community, any sign of drought sends cold shivers down their spines.

The county is also characterized with massive floods that have occasionally been experienced especially in Narok town leading to destruction of property worth millions of shillings. This usually happens during rainy seasons especially in April.

Despite the fact that the county at times receive heavy rainfall, drought has always been a nightmare this pastoral community has not been able to move away from. This has forced them to travel long distances in the search for water and food for their animals.

Nairegie Enkare sub-location in Enosupukia location, Narok East sub-county is one of the areas majorly hit by drought. Residents, majority of whom are pastoralists usually have a hard time getting food and water for their animals every time drought season knocks on their doors.

A few meters from Nairegie Enkare trading center is a swamp; the main source of water for residents and their livestock. It is from the swamp that the name Nairegie Enkare originated. Around the swamp are ponds dug, owned and maintained by particular families. Despite of the poor conditions of the two water sources, residents have no option rather than sharing the water with their livestock.

A Nairegie Enkare resident drawing water from one of the ponds around.

The condition of the water in one of the ponds. This is the water livestock and residents will be scrambling for if drought persists.


During normal seasons and when there is no aspect of drought, residents and their livestock are free to drink from both the swamp and the ponds on mutual agreement. Hell breaks when drought bites. This is the time when swamp goes dry, leaving residents and their livestock with limited options on where to get water from.

At this point, families owning ponds start guarding them day and night to ensure that no unauthorized people drink or water their animals at the ponds. Anyone getting water from any of the pond must get clearance from the pond owners.

During our visit to the swamp, we met residents going about their activities which include washing clothes, watering animals and also collecting water for domestic use. Watching as the swamp goes dry is the most terrifying moment residents are now going through.

A resident watering cattle at the Nairegie Enkare swamp.

They have been hoping for rains but this does not seem to happen any time soon, as sun continues to heat. They are watching helplessly as the level of water reduces day by day. They are preparing for the worse. Pond owners have already started guarding their ponds, after getting a signal indicating that the dry season might prolong.

A middle aged woman, who only identified herself as Naisiae told us that fear is now taking better of everyone as the dry season does not seem to end any time soon. Being one of the residents without a pond around the area, her worry is that within the next few weeks, she will not be able to access water to wash her clothes or even perform other domestic chores.

“This is a very low moment for myself and other women; like the ones you can see here washing clothes. A few weeks from now, this swamp will go dry. I will not have any sure source of water for my family. My kids will go to school without washing their face or even without food in adverse conditions. These family owned ponds will now be at the helm of their owners who stock large herds of cattle. They will not allow us to collect water from the ponds. Now that even meteorologists are not giving us any hope of receiving rainfall in near future, I see danger”, said Naisiae with fear and distraught expressed all over her face.

Her story was shared by other women we met at the swamp. They are all fearing for their lives and those of their families now that the situation is changing from bad to worse. Even as non-pastoralists express their fears, those owning large herds of livestock are the most worried.

For pastoral communities, livestock is their source of wealth and pride. They therefore get frustrated whenever anything tries to threaten the lives of the animals they own. Fear has already started gripping them as the scorching sun continue burning, with its intensity escalating day by day.

They are watching in dismay as the swamp dries slowly by slowly. They only hope that the condition will get better especially when the rainy season comes (something that until now seems like fake dream). If drought persists, their livestock will be staring at the cruel hand of death.

Maina from one of the families owning the said ponds, told us that they are sometimes forced to light fire at night in order to guard their ponds from “intruders”. He told us that the thirst quenching liquid is very crucial but scarce in the region and this forces residents and their livestock to share the little available water irrespective of its unfitness.

“We do not take chances during the dry seasons. Like for now, we are close to starting guarding our ponds against other people. We have to secure the water for the sake of our livestock. We cannot afford to lose our livestock to famine. For us, we can stay withstand the situation,” said Maina.

“Whenever a woman is found fetching water from any of the ponds without permission from the owner, she has to receive a hard beating from the owner’s pond until she screams. Whenever a woman cries, this is followed by a heavy downpour”, he continued amidst laughter.

It is evident that the story of drought is no longer news in the ears of Nairegie Enkare residents. It is now a reality they are facing and might soon bite even deeper in the case of drought persistence.

The only hope for residents now is the Africaqua watershop coming up in the area. There is an excitement of its own kind. From health center to the villages, the word is spreading like airborne disease. Everybody is eagerly waiting for the watershop to start operating with some of them even telling those working at the site to alert them once everything is ready.

Residents will now be able to get safe water at an affordable price from the watershop. This is good news to the hundreds of people who have known no other apart from that one from the swamp.

They only hope operations at the watershop will kick off soon in order to save them from the jaws of hunger and thirst. With water to drink, they will be able to get food and water for their livestock.

David Mwaura, Communications Officer, Africaqua Limited

New dawn as operations commence at Matuu watershop

A new chapter has opened in the lives of Matuu and surrounding areas residents as operations at the Matuu watershop kick off.

This is a reprieve to thousands of the residents who have been trekking for miles away in the search of water. They have to brave the scorching sun and dusty roads just to collect this vital commodity.

At times, children have to keep out of school to join their parents and other family members as they walk from one village to another looking for water. This is a very tough journey especially for children and the old people but they have no option other than doing it.

The Matuu watershop comes at the most appropriate time, bearing in mind that Matuu and the larger Machakos County receive very little annual rainfall. The rainfall little rainfall received makes rivers and the canals in the region to be seasonal.

Matuu residents depend on water from water kiosks around the area and the seasonal Yatta canal. Some of the water kiosks supply salty water and hence not suitable for drinking. Whenever the canal dries, residents have no option other than drink salty water from the water kiosks around, where they are subjected to long queues.

The first few days of operations at the watershop saw Matuu residents and their animals get water for free. They came from far and wide to witness the “Kivandini miracle”. Cattle and donkeys quenched thirst at the watershop as residents filled their jerrycans with free water. This is something residents have never experienced before.

They could not hide their joy as they narrated of where they have come from and the hardships they have gone through to make ends meet. They termed the watershop as their “savior”, who took a bit too long to come.

“Why did it take too long for the watershop to be set up? We have suffered for years and have always been wondering who will come to rescue us. I have been struggling to get water for my family and the journey has at times been tough. The watershop will help me a lot as I will not be trekking as I used to”, said Jennifer Nduku, a Matuu resident.

At the Matuu watershop, people will not be forced to queue for long as there is plenty water. This will enable them to collect as much water as possible though out the day.